Useful information about India

Useful information about India

The best time to visit India

The climate could be a key factor when planning your trip to India. The country’s territory is so vast that the climate conditions in the far North are quite different than those in the South.

Several seasons are conditionally defined – cold, hot and humid. The most tolerable time for visiting the bigger part of the country is during the so called “cold” period, which starts in the beginning of November and ends around mid-February. During this time of the year the average daily temperature is around 25-26 C˚, and during the night it can go down to 8-10 C˚. It is possible to go below zero in the higher parts in the North. Winter there is usually dry, and the Southern part of the country is characterized by the influence of the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea.

During the rest of the year it is very hot and even hard to handle for visiting. March, April, May and June are the summer months in India. This is the hot period of the year, when the sun rays fall vertically on the country’s territory. The average temperature goes over 40 С˚ in the day and around 25-27 С˚ in the night. If visiting during that time, make sure that your hotel room has an air conditioner. Otherwise you won’t have good memories from your trip to this exotic country.

The humid period in the country is defined by the influence of the Monsoon and we can conditionally divide it in two sub-periods. The first is characterized by the entrance of the Monsoon in the bigger part of the country. Most of the rains in India fall in this period of the year. Between June and September, the Monsoon forms its core and starts to encompass most of the country, accompanied by strong and humid winds, thunders and lightnings, Sometimes, the rain can cause floods. The second period is distinguished by the withdrawal of the Monsoon from the country. In September the rains start to decrease and with the approaching of November, the Monsoon disappears completely from the bigger part of India, apart from the territories of Tamil and Nadu, as well as some parts in the South, where the rains continue.

If we don’t consider the climate, the time to visit India can also be defined by the dates of festivals and special events.

Entrance fees:

India is very attractive for the tourists with its numerous landmarks. The entrance fees are in the local currency – Rupee, and the exchange rate as of today is 1 USD = 69 Rupees. Here is what some of the more popular entrance fees look like:

-Taj Mahal – the symbol of love, built by Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife: it works every day except Friday. For children under the age of 15 the entrance is free; for adult foreigners – 1100 Rupees, plus if wanted, 200 Rupees for visiting the mausoleum; for Indians the entrance fee is 50 Rupees.

– The Red Fort – a fortress built in the 17th century: works every day, except Mondays. The entrance fee for adults is 500 Rupees for foreigners and only 30 Rupees for locals.

– Meenakshi Temple – considered to be the most wonderful work of art in the Medieval Indian architecture and one of the most famous places for pilgrimage in India: works every day, free entrance.

– Jodhpur, the Blue city, Mehrangarh fort – rising against the bare hills of the Thar Desert. In the Blue city the buildings, markets and people are in blue: works every day. Entrance fee is 600 Rupees for foreigners, 400 Rupees for foreign students, 100 Rupees for locals and 50 Rupees for local students.

– Kumbhalgarh, the Great Wall of India – a fort, surrounded by 36 km long wall, the second longest continuous wall on the planet, after the Great Wall of China: works every day, the entrance fee is 100 Rupees for foreigners and 10 Rupees for locals.

– Jantar Mantar Observatory – an old observatory, consisting of several huge astronomical instruments, which served for diverse measuring in the past: works every day. The entrance fee is 200 Rupees for foreigners and 50 Rupees for local citizens.

– Hawa Mahal “Palace of Winds” – built for Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in 1799, initially as a temple and later changed its status to a palace: works every day, the entrance fee is 50 Rupees for foreigners and 10 Rupees for locals.

– Sikandra tomb – constructed in an Islamic, Hindu, Christian and Persian style, a symbol of the religious tolerance and broad views of Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar: works every day. The entrance fee is 110 Rupees for foreigners and 10 Rupees for locals.

– Qutb Minar – the tallest brick minaret in the world: works every day. The entrance fee is 500 Rupees for foreigners and 30 Rupees for local citizens. Children under 15 years of age can enter free of charge.

– Akshardham – the biggest Hindu temple in the world, even defined as the Eight Wonder: works every day except Monday. The entrance fee is 170 Rupees for adults and 100 Rupees for children.

– Amber Fort – the construction started in 1592 by Raja Man Singh II. Here you can see the harmony between the Hindu and Muslim styles in architecture: works every day. The entrance fee for foreigners is 550 Rupees for adults and 100 Rupees for students. For Indians the price is 50 Rupees and 10 Rupees respectively. An interesting fact is that you can ride an elephant here for 1100 Rupees.

– Mughal Gardens – created by the Mughal rulers, covered by flowers from Spring to late Fall: works every day except Monday. No entrance fee.

Measuring units

A big part of the measuring system in India is borrowed by the British one, due to the long colonial regime. Before that time there were different periods – before Akbar and the time of the Akbar system. During the first the system of weights and measurements varied from region to region, item to item and rural to city regions. The weights were based on different seeds, mostly wheat, and the lengths – on the length of arms and the width of fingers. Akbar made changes, and the new measuring units were established when Britain conquered the country.

Here are some of the main measuring units in India:

1 inch=2.54 cm

1 foot = 12 inch=30.48 cm

1 yard = 3 feet = 0.0914 metre

1 furlong = 660 feet =220 yard

1 mile = 1760 yards or 5280 feet =1.61 km

1 chain = 22 yard

1 acre = 43560 sq.feet = 4840 sq. yards

1 sq.yard = 9 sq. ft.

1 sq. meter = 1.196 square gaz

1 sq.gaz = 0.836126 sq. meter

1 kaththa ≈ 2.5 decimal = 1361.25 sq.ft. ≈ 100 sq.meter

1 beegha = 2304.576036 sq.meter

1 sq. mile ≈ 2.5 sq. km = 640acre

4 chawal (grain of rice) = 1 dhan (weight of one wheat berry)

4 dhan = 1 ratti = 1.75 grains = 0.11339825 gram

8 ratti = 1 masha = 0.9071856 gram

12 masha = 96 ratti = 1 tola =180 grains = 11.66375 gram

80 tolas = 1 seer = 870.89816 gram

40 seers = 1 maund = 8 pasri = 37.32422 kilogram

1 chattank = 4 kancha = 5 tola

1 pav = 2 adh-pav = 4 chattank = ¼ seer

1 seer = 4 pav = 16 chattank = 80 tola = 933.1 grams

1 paseri = 5 seer

1 seer = 0.99910 kilogram

1 maund = 40 seer = 37.324 kg

1 seer = 80 tola = 933.10 g

1 tola= 11.66375 gram =12 masha

1 masha = 8 ratti = 0.97gram

1 permanu = 26.3µs

2 permanu = 1anu = 52.67 µs

3 anu = 1 trisrenu =158 µs

3 trisrenu = 1 truti = 474 µs

100 truti = 1 vedh = 47.4 ms

3 vedh =1 love = 0.1s

3 love = 1 nimesh = 0.43s

3 nimesh = 1 kshan = 1.28 s

5 kshan = 1 kashta = 6.4s

15 kashta = 1 laghu = 1.6min.

15 laghu = 1 nadika (danda) = 1 ghadi = 60 Pal= 24 minute.

2 nadika = 1 mahurat=2 ghadi =30 kala = 48 min.

30 mahurat = 1 day and 1 night = 24hrs = 24 hora

7 day and seven night = 1 saptah

2 saptah = 1 paksh

2 paksh= 1 lunar month

2 month = 1 ritu

3 ritu = 1 ayan= 6 months

2 ayan = 1 human year = 12 month = 365 days = 1 varsh

100 varsh = 1 shatabdi = 1 century

10 shatabdi = 1 sahasrabda

432 sahasrabda= 1 yug (kaliyug)

1 kaliyuga = 4, 32,000 human years

2 kali yugas = 1 dwapar yuga=864000 human years

3 kali yugas = 1 treta yuga =1296000 human years

4 kali yugas = 1 satya yuga = 728000 human years

10 kaliyugas =1 mahayuga = 4,320, 000, human years

1000 mahayuga= 1 kalpa = 4,320, 000,000 human years = 1 day of Brahma

Electricity India is an enormous country and is absolutely colorful in all directions. One of them is the fact that there are very rich as well as very poor people. And even today a big part of the citizens of the Asian country do not have electricity. The Indian government does everything possible to overcome this problem, and a little more than a year ago said that it has completed one of its main tasks – giving access to electricity to all 600 000 villages in the country. This however doesn’t mean that the population has reliable access to electricity. The experts point that still hundreds of millions of people in India do not really have access to electricity. Those who are connected have serious problems with the reliability of supply. Actually, the Indian government considers that a village is connected to the power grid when 10% of the households or public institutions have access to electricity. According to data from the International Energy Agency, close to 240 million Indians suffer from weak access to electricity in 2017. One in every 5 persons in the world living without electricity is living in India. The villages have access to the power grid, but this doesn’t mean that the population has reliable access to electricity. Many of the Indian state companies providing electricity have serious debts and are not capable to ensure reliable services in providing electricity. Authorities are working on the issue in ensuring big discounts and bonuses for renewable energy sources. India counts on coal for the production of 2/3 of the electricity in the country, but at the same time 60% of the households that do have electricity, rely in fact on green methods for its production. The weak electrification of India provokes economic problems. Of course, these problems do not affect the big cities and the touristic attractions that everyone wants to visit.