Delhi, the capital of India is located in the central part of Northern India. This enormous city, counting 13 million residents, besides being the oldest in the world, is also a mixture of religions, which complement in one perfect manner. According to information by the archeologists, here used to live people as early as 2000 B.C. So this ancient city is a witness of the progress and collapse of several empires, as it was a capital of some of them. The differences between the strata, especially in the suburbs of Delhi are particularly strikingly expressed. This does not impede, here, in this unpredictable city to be situated one of the most impressive landmarks in the world.

Streets of Delhi

The old Delhi is very attractive with the characteristic narrow, badly lit small street, small markets, lots of people, street traffic, dogs and cows calmly moving, not disturbed by anyone.

The walk through the old Delhi is an adventure.

The red fortress, situated in the Old city is built at emperor Shah Jahan ( 1627-1658) and represents a gorgeous and mighty building from the culmination of the Mongolian empire. It bears its name from the red sandstone, out of which the walls are built. The whole fortress is stud with towers, and the length of the towering wall is 2,4 km. The diversity of buildings in the Red fortress includes ornate pavilions, luxurious seraglios, fantastically furnished bathrooms and magnificent gardens with fountains. The pearl mosque is a masterpiece of the Mogul architecture, and the private pavilion Diwan-i-khas is famous for its impressive peacock throne. It was formed as two peacocks with outspread trains, stud with precious stones. Unfortunately, until nowadays have remained only several details from the decoration. Each year on 15 August from the tribune of the Red fortress the Prime-minister of India, greets the Indians for the independence day. Near the Red fortress is the Covered market Chandni Chok, which is the most colourful place in the Old Delhi, where in the innumerable small shops can be found a variety of goods. Here are offered countless spices, characteristic of the Indian cuisine – anise, ginger, pomegranate, saffron, seeds of lotus, you name it… The souvenir copper and brass vessels with portraits of Buddha, Vishnu and Krishna are interesting.

The connection between the old and the new city of Delhi are the two biggest boulevards „Rajpat“ and „Janpath“. The one of them “Rajpat“ leads to the presidential palace Bhava, which is occupying enormous area with exceptional architecture. On this boulevard is located also „The door of India“, representing a 42-meter arch, built in memory of more than 90 thousand Indian soldiers, who passed away in the wars, led by England.

The other boulevard “Janpath” reaches the trade region of the city – Connaught Place, which is a series of terraces with collonades, situated in concentric circumferences on the analogy of Royal Crescent in city of Bath, England.

The astronomical observatory Jantar Mantar is located near Connaught Place. It was built in 1724 by the maharaja Sawai Jai Singhom and consists of 13 astronomical stone apparatuses. The main purpose of the observatory is forecast of the weather and the movement of the Sun, Moon and the planets.

The Lotus temple was built in 1986 by Fariborz Sahba and is surrounded by nine lakes, symbolizing the nine main religions around the world. A magnificent flower alley leads to this temple, striking with its architecture and representing a semi-opened lotus. In the temple can enter everyone, despite the religion, which he/she preaches, the only obligatory is the visitor to take off his/her shoes. Entering inside, a person enjoys the tranquility and peace, which reign here.

The old Purana Kila fortress dates from 16 century. Its walls are 18 m high, they are extending on length of 1,5 km, as in them there are three archlike gates.
The most appropriate time for visit of Delhi is from February until April or during October, November, in order to be avoided the summer heats and the monsoon rainfalls.

Delhi is one so eccentric and provocative city, so if you visit it once, you will obligatory want to return there.

Some of the places you have to visit are:
Jama Masjid
The Qutb Minar complex
The Humayun’s tomb
Akshardham temple


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