Lucknow

Lucknow

Source: By PP Yoonus (Own work) CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Lucknow, also known as Auad is a city in North India, largest city and a capital of the state Uttar Pradesh. Gomti river passes through the city and divides it in two parts. The population of Lucknow is around 2 million people.

Governed long years by the local rulers (nawabs), Lucknow has transformed into a cultural capital of North India. Popular with their elegant and extravagant taste, the nawabs have built many monuments, which distinguish with their magnificent architecture. Therefore, Lucknow is considered for one of the most beautiful cities of Inia. When the Englishmen came, they could not cope with the disobedience of the people of Lucknow. They were forced to leave the city during the Indian rising in 1857, when the city was besieged by the rioters. In the beginning of 20 century, the residents of the region are some of the most active participants in the struggle for independence. And after 1947 Lucknow preserved its statute of one of the most important cities of India.

The most appropriate time for a visit of this remarkable city is from October until February. The traveling to Lucknow may be realized by direct air flights from Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai and many other cities of India. The city also has 14 railway stations, which are well connected with the bus network of the city.

In the ancient city Lucknow many of the emblematic buildings are situated in the Old city. Rumi Darwaza is the door to the Old city, which has turned into an emblem of Lucknow. It is situated near Asfi mosque, because of its interesting architecture and impressive dimensions, this place is visited by numerous tourists. Bara Imambara is one of the biggest complexes – sanctuaries of the city, built by Asaf-ud-Daula in 1784 during the big starvation in the city. The complex includes also the big Asfi mosque, the bhul-bhulaiya or the labyrinth. At the building of the main imambara there was not used iron construction and around 20 thousand workers participated. Two impressive entrances lead to an enormous hall with length 50 m and height 15 m with a vaulted ceiling. The balconies, which are situated all around, are so constructed, that the least whisper reaches them. Interesting for the tourists are the corridors, situated at different heights and connected to each other by 489 doors, forming a labyrinth. A person may get lost, touring round this temple-sanctuary, where the tombs of the founder and architect of this amazing building are. Here begins the celebrating of the Muslim festival Muharram.

Chota Imambara is a beautiful impressive building, situated near Bara Imambara. It is called Palace of the lights, because of the enormous crystal glass chandeliers, which lamps illuminate the whole building during special festivals. Here are the tombs of Muhamad Ali Shah and the members of his family, and also here can be seen his crown, decorated with gems. The tomb of his daughter Tsinat Assiya and her husband; in the complex are situated small copies of Taj Mahal. The magnificent lake with a garden is a wonderful compliment to this impressive complex.

The ruins of the Residence, which are situated in the heart of Lucknow, are preserved, in order to remind about the terrible events of 1857. Built in 1780 the residence serves for a headquarters of the British management. During the riots the Residence was destroyed by the rioters as even nowadays the traces from the shots are visible on the walls. Surrounded by grass plots and flower beds, this place is visited by tourists and local people.

In Lucknow also deserves to be visited the “Saint Garrison” Anglican church, which was built in 1860 and enlarged in 1908 about the needs of the British population and soldiers in India.

Collin Tolwards College is one of the oldest state schools in India. It was built in 1889 by the British, it distinguishes with its remarkable architecture.

La Martiniere is a college for boys, established in 1845 by Claude Martin, a rich Frenchman, who lived and died in Lucknow. The enormous building in Indo-European style is the only school in the world, honoured by royal martial honors about its role in the defence of Lucknow during the riot in 1857.

The 67-meter clock tower is emblematic for Lucknow and it was built between 1880-1887.

City of Lucknow enjoys many parks, which make it a pleasant place for a walk. Near the city is situated the biggest park in Asia Janeshwar Mishra, which has at its disposal a big artificial lake, much greenery and the longest track for cycling and jogging in India.

Lucknow is famous for the love towards the bicycles. In 2015, the city was a host of a national competition in cycling.

The classical Indian dance „Kathak“ originates from Lucknow. It is known, that the last nawab of Lucknow, Waidid Ali Shah was a great patron of this dance, which has preserved itself in the next generations until nowadays.

There are many holidays and festivals in Lucknow like in all cities of India. So varicoloured, beautiful and entertaining, and simultaneously deeply religious, they express the desire and belief of people in the victory of good. Gararas is a traditional women’s clothing, which is characteristic for Lucknow, which consists of wide trousers with crimps under the knee, a shirt (kurta) and a veil (dupatta). It is elaborated out of 24 meters silk fabric and is decorated with gems – very expensive and beautiful clothing. Lucknow is popular with its hand-made embroideries – chikankari. This embroidery is made on a very fine fabric – muslin or chiffon with a fine white thread. It is carried out on hats, sarees, scarfs and etc. Clothes and souvenirs, which can be found at the Aminabad market, one of the oldest markets in the center of Lucknow.

About the cuisine of this interesting Indian city may be said, that it is traditional with stewed vegetables and meat as more characteristic dish is the kebab (highly seasoned stewed meat).
Nowadays, Lucknow is among the largest cities in India, a center of scientific-research and development activity, and it is a growing information center.
Modern, contemporary and simultaneously taking the tourist in distant exotic times – this is Lucknow.

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